Sensibly equivalent¶ to:
This SP4 is of similar age and appearance to the SD20 but it is a screened pentode rather than a screen-grid tetrode and therefore has a more modern type of electrode assembly.
Mullard describe the SP4 as an indirectly heated HF pentode for use as a speech detector, or RF amplifier, in AC mains receivers. The heating time is given as 35 seconds.
Equally important is its relatively thick heater (1 Amp rating) and improved heater-cathode insulation. Moreover, unlike the SG20, the heater-cathode insulation would never need to withstand high voltage.
These differences made the SP4 a much more successful valve which was marketed in 5-pin SP4 or 7-pin base versions and is a relatively common valve in collections. Apart from its ungainly size, the main weakness of the SP4 was that it was unsuitable for AGC applications and therefore had no place in the 'modern' type of superhet which became the norm from the mid-1930s onwards, using the variable-mu pentode for RF and IF amplification. Alongside the SP4 in 1933 Mullard also launched the VP4 a variable-μ version for use in superhet designs with AGC or AVC as it was known then.
We have two SP4 exhibits with bright gold paint and the Pentone brand. This version has the B7 base and SP4 has the older B5 base. Both are later productions as the original top cap style is shown in SP4.
The reverse has no markings on the metallic paint.
The balloon envelope is 49 mm in diameter and, excluding the B7 base pins, is 128 mm tall.
References: Data-sheet, 1024 & 1043. Type SP4 was first introduced in 1933.
Absolute Maximum Operating Conditions¶
Thanks to Andy Cowley for supplying the above PDF datasheet.
Updated August 26, 2018. shape:balloon construction:pinch type:pentode age:1930.1940 base:b7 heater:4.0v pins:7 pin:1.m pin:2.g1 pin:3.g3 pin:4.h pin:5.h pin:6.k pin:7.g2 pin:tc.a