The 6F23 is a screened amplifier pentode. The presence of two cathode connections suggests an RF role where lead inductance needs to kept to a minimum.
Thanks to Dave Harding for the following information. The 6F23 was used in the late 1950s and early 1960s as an IF amplifier in Ultra TV sets. Ultra always used Mazda valves (30P4/30P19 line output 30PL13 frame) at the time. It was always felt this was because they were produced 'in house', Ultra and Mazda being part of the same company. The valves were near equivalents of the popular Mullard EF80/EF85 - PL36 and PCL85 though not pin compatible. As an afterthought Mazda valves were very unreliable compared to Mullard and Brimar was somewhere in between. (Not that the PCL85 was an icon of reliability.)
Through the hole in the screen can be seen the wire grids and the strap that joins the two halves of the anode.
The anode strap is on the right. Note the screens top and bottom. The lower screen shields the anode connection to the base pin.
The thin glass tube envelope is 21 mm in diameter, and excluding the B9A base pins, is 58 mm tall.
References: Data-sheet, 1040 & Dave Harding. Type 6F23 was first introduced in 1959.